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1.創造力專班綜合訊息 : [校園活動]第62屆全校運動會運動嘉年華 歡迎你!
發表者 訪客 於 2008-11-16 18:05:51 (1935 人氣)

[校園活動]第62屆全校運動會運動嘉年華 歡迎你!


【棒球投球九宮格用投得看多了,用打的有試過嗎?】
【什麼叫小蝦米力拼大鯨魚?來試試師大貴乃花你就知道!】
【平常有運動的習慣嗎?有自信的你快來挑戰極限體能王!】
【2009聽奧、世運等國際運動賽會~師大幫你一網打盡!】
【精美獎品,好康最多!~~就在師大2008運動嘉年華!】
【神秘大獎,想要嗎?來玩闖關遊戲就免費送給你!】
【師大年度盛事,豈容錯過!~我們誠摯地邀請您的參與!】

贊助單位:Nu數位科技、ADS潛水學校、宇岦健康事業、網球協會、XXL籃球雜誌、威丰車業有限公司、台北聽障奧林匹克運動會、東南旅行社等
感謝本次活動贊助廠商大力支持!


全校運動會,大家一起來!
http://pr.ntnu.edu.tw/activities2.php?no=3203

倒數迎大運 體操 肢體與韻律的表演



  因為紀錄片「翻滾吧!男孩」爆紅,讓體操深入被社會大眾了解。體操是一種追求完美、向難度動作自我挑戰的運動,透過各個項目發揮個人潛能,邁向個人憧憬的理想目標,但在優美動作的背後,也藏著不為人知的辛酸與淚水。

  體操的起源,是從人類天然的體育活動中演變而來,凡伸、屈、轉、振、跳、立、跑、蹲,都是人類身體的基本活動,但隨著社會不斷進化,人類為滿足運動慾望,將若干人體動作,編成有秩序的運動方式,就稱為體操。體操在世界各國都普遍盛行,雖然方式與重點因年代、區域略有差別,但以體操當作人體運動的主要訴求,都是一樣的。

  「體操」一詞源於古希臘語,意為「裸體技藝」,因為他們當時都是赤身裸體進行操練,後被歐美國家採用,但其含義和內容隨著時代的變遷而有所不同。體操的歷史淵源可追朔至兩千多年前的古希臘,當時體育場館是文化活動的中心,人們不光為了體育運動聚集,也集合了解藝術、音樂和哲學。古希臘人認為,只有體育鍛鍊和智力活動相結合,人的精神和肉體之間才能調和。因此,體操通常也被認為是體育和藝術最終結合的產物。

  體操分為「競技體操」、「韻律體操」、「有氧競技體操」、「特技體操」等,一般人常說「體操」其實指的是較為刺激「競技體操」,其中又分男子組和女子組。除了團體及個人全能外,男子項目又分地板、鞍馬、吊環、跳馬、單槓、雙槓等六種,較著重力的表現;女子則有自由體操、平衡木、高低槓、跳馬等四種,較講求平衡感、協調性等優美動作的表現。雖然體操的起源很早,但體操到1896年始站上奧運舞台,儘管體操不像短跑等其他運動那樣刺激,缺乏短時間內進行競技的刺激感,但從美學角度來看,一個個獨立的動作連結起來,再配合優美的姿勢,總能吸引眾人目光。

  「體操」一向是師大最引以為傲的強項,在國內大專體操界位居龍頭,地位難以撼動。上屆大運會師大體操男女組包辦成隊競賽雙冠、總獎牌數高達26面,今年稍早參加全國競技體操錦標賽,也拿下大專社會男、女組團體冠軍。教練翁士航教練說,2009大運會學校目標整體60金,體操是一直是師大奪牌重點,體操隊也有信心,但還需要體操選手們,不論是甲組或乙組,每個人努力配合才行。

  相信師大體操是全國第一,選手們加入師大體操,除了為校爭光,也努力追尋自己的體操夢,過程十分辛苦,常常練到手上都是繭甚至流血,但選手們還是義無反顧,堅持練習。翁教練說,男生練習時多手部用力,女生多地板動作,因此男生肩膀較容易受傷,女生則是下肢較脆弱。翁教練強調,預防勝於治療,事前的保養勝於傷後休養,因此只要選手受傷就要求立刻反應、停止練習,保護學生選手生命。

  除了保護選手健康,師大體操隊的訓練方式,與其他學校相比也較為自主,此外,翁教練說,師大也很要求「氣質」,對評審要立正、有禮貌...,這都是平常就開始要求的。

  目前師大體操選手年齡分布兩極化,主力集中在碩班生和大一生。碩班生多已經具有教練能力,有豐富的比賽經驗;不過翁教練也很看好年輕選手,像競技100陳思傑、競技101邱茂華等,不僅先天條件優秀,態度上也值得肯定。只是甲組之外,目前男乙體操隊人數不足,現在僅有三人、明年能否達到六人以參加成隊比賽還是未知數,翁教練也歡迎更多喜愛體操的同學能夠加入,一起享受在空中的青春和別人的喝采。【校園記者人發101朱映竹報導】

<體操>(競技體操)

比賽項目:
(男子六項)
單槓:擺動、回環以及圍繞身體縱軸轉體和脫手或空翻再握的飛行動作及單臂動作組成
雙槓:擺動、擺越、屈伸、弧形擺動、回環、空翻和力量動作組成
吊環:全套連接經過擺動、屈伸、回環、轉肩、倒立和靜止用力,要求從擺動到靜止力量的過渡和由靜止力量到擺動的過渡以及做靜止動作時,環不晃動。吊環支撐是活動的,所以對力量要求更高。
地板:規則要求一套地板體操自選動作需在50~70秒內完成,其中技巧動作是構成全套動作的主體。動作編排要充分利用場地,選擇3個不同的技巧連接成串,使力量動作和靜止平衡動作相結合
跳馬:縱跳馬
鞍馬:在完成一套動作中,必須充分使用鞍馬的環上、環外、馬頭3個基本部位。

(女子四項)
地板:是女子比賽中唯一要求有音樂伴奏的項目
高低槓:規定動作必須在高低槓上完成,自選動作仍可自由選擇雙槓或高低槓
跳馬:橫跳馬
平衡木:是反映女性特點的典型項目。動作內容包括各種跳步、轉體、波浪、平衡、造型及技巧翻騰 (各種滾翻、手翻、空翻等),並組成成套動作

比賽形式:
*團體賽(team fin TF)-以小組參加所有4個/6個項目的比賽。比賽成績決定了最終的名次。目前團體決賽成績的計分方式為6-3-3,表示每支隊伍由6名運動員組成,每個單項選派其中3名運動員參加,成績全部計入總分。
*個人全能賽(all-around finals AA)-以個人為單位參加所有4個/6個項目的比賽。比賽成績決定了最終的名次。每個隊伍只能選派兩名選手參加全能決賽。
*單項賽(event finals EF)-由每個項目最頂尖的8名運動員參加比賽。每個隊伍只能選派兩名選手參加每個單項決賽。

體操計分規則:
由國際體操聯合會負責制定,每個奧運周期修訂一次。
*需在限定時間內完成一套動作(各項目規定不同,一般來說是30-90秒)
*最低年齡限制為16歲
*以10分為限制,在男女比賽項目中,均有A、B兩組裁判員對運動員比賽動作進行評分。A裁判組根據運動員一套動作的內容確定A分,B裁判組確定B分,A分從10分開始,以0.1分為單位進行扣分。A分和最後的B分加起來為一套動作最後的得分。最後得分少數情況下不超過10分。




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